Property Taxes in Thailand

Property Taxes in Thailand. Thailand’s property tax system can be a bit different from what you might be accustomed to. Unlike some countries with annual property taxes, Thailand has a more nuanced approach. Here’s a breakdown of property taxes in Thailand, including who pays, how much, and under what circumstances.

Not a Universal Property Tax

Thailand doesn’t have a blanket property tax that applies to all properties. This can be a positive surprise for property owners, especially those holding onto land or residences for personal use.

Taxes Tied to Usage

Property taxes in Thailand are primarily tied to how the property is used. Here’s a breakdown of the most common scenarios:

  • Owner-occupied residential property: If you own a house or condo and use it as your primary residence, you generally won’t pay any annual property tax.

  • Rental property: If you rent out your property (residential or commercial), you’ll be subject to a tax on the rental income. This tax is typically 12.5% of the annual rental income or the annual assessed value by the local authorities, whichever is higher.

  • Vacant land: Owning vacant land typically doesn’t incur annual property taxes. However, there may be local fees associated with land ownership.

Land and Building Tax

A recent development in Thailand’s property tax system is the Land and Building Tax Act of 2019. This act imposes a tax on the appraised value of land and buildings in certain situations. However, the rates are generally low:

  • Residential property used by the owner: The tax rate is capped at 0.1% of the appraised value.
  • Commercial property: The tax rate is capped at 0.5% of the appraised value.

It’s important to note that the Land and Building Tax is still under development, and its exact implementation may vary depending on the location and specific property details.

Transfer Fees

When buying property in Thailand, you’ll be responsible for some transfer fees. These fees include:

  • Specific Business Tax (3%): This tax applies to the sale of immovable property.
  • Local tax (0.3%): This is a local government tax levied on the sale of immovable property.
  • Stamp duty: This duty varies depending on the property value.

Staying Informed

While property taxes in Thailand might seem less comprehensive than in other countries, it’s always wise to stay informed. Here are some tips:

  • Consult a lawyer: A lawyer with expertise in Thai property law can provide specific guidance based on your situation and the type of property you own.
  • Contact your local Land Department: They can provide details on any applicable taxes or fees for your specific property.
  • Stay updated on changes: The Land and Building Tax is still evolving, so keeping up with any updates or local variations is important.


Property taxes in Thailand are more nuanced than a simple annual charge. Understanding how property usage and type affect tax obligations is crucial. Consulting with a legal professional and staying informed about potential changes will ensure you’re on top of your property tax requirements in Thailand.

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